Visiting The Cathedral–Mosque of Córdoba, Spain

By - September 20, 2012 (Updated: November 19, 2014)

This entry is part 15 of 23 in the series Portugal & Andalusia 2012.
The iconic arches and columns of the Mezquita, Cordoba, Spain

The iconic arches and columns of the Mezquita, Cordoba, Spain

I had admired the photo in dozens of travel books – row upon row of columns topped with chequered arches. Shadow and light playing with each other as people stand, dwarfed under the soaring ceilings. Before I even knew where it was, I knew I had to visit the Cathedral-Mosque of Córdoba, Spain.

So, while planning the route for our road-trip of Portugal and Andalusia, Córdoba had to be on the list. Even though I knew nothing else about the city, I knew I had to see the Mezquita-Catedral, in person.

Arriving in Córdoba (sometimes referred to as Cordova, in English) in the evening, we decided to stroll by the Mezquita, before our visit the next day. We had no idea it would be so huge. Walking around the exterior and admiring the intricate carvings surrounding the enormous doorways, we began to get a taste of the grandeur we would see beyond the walls.

Exterior of the Mezquita Cathedral of Cordoba, Spain

The imposing and decorative exterior walls of the Mezquita Cathedral dominate the historic centre of Cordoba. [Top] View from the bridge and the Puerta del Perdón [Middle and Bottom] West wall and decorative doorways.

Mezquita-Catedral means Mosque-Cathedral and the double-barrelled name refers to the church’s turbulent past.  The site has been a holy place since the history of Andalusia began, first as a pagan temple, then as a Visigothic Christian church.

Following the Islamic invasion, the church was dismantled and, in 785, construction began on a mosque that would become one of the most important in Western Islam. The construction of the Great Mosque happened in four phases, each more elaborate than the last.

In 1236, King Ferdinand III reconquered Cordoba and the mosque was reconsecrated as a cathedral. It wasn’t until the 1500s however, major works began on the main chapel, transept and choir. Visitors today see a gothic, renaissance and baroque cathedral, set inside Islamic architecture.

In 1984, the Mezquita was inducted into UNESCO’s World Heritage sites list, as part of the Historic Centre of Cordoba. However, its current popularity as a tourist destination hasn’t stopped the struggle between Christian and Muslim worshipers. Since the early 2000s, Muslim’s have campaigned the Roman Catholic church allow them to worship in the Mezquita and in 2010, two men were arrested for violently attacking guards who tried to expel them from the cathedral for attempting to pray. It’s not surprising a building with such a tumultuous history continues to be at the root of controversy today.

Our own visit to the Mezquita was luckily conflict and controversy free. Arriving early, as the gates were first opening to tourists, we even avoided the majority of the tour groups who flood the cathedral daily. Even so, we certainly didn’t have the site to ourselves.

After crossing the beautiful orangery, we stepped through the doors and there they were – the columns and arches I had admired in so many travel books. They were even more breath-taking in person.

Columns and arches of the Hypostyle hall, Cathedral-Mosque Cordoba

There they are – the columns and arches of the Hypostyle hall

Columns and arches of the Hypostyle hall, Cathedral-Mosque Cordoba

A picture may be worth a thousand words, but it still can’t capture the full beauty of the Mezquita.

I had expected those famous arches, all 856 of them, to be the most spectacular aspect of the Mezquita, but they were a mere taste of the opulence inside. In fact, it was difficult to decide whether the Islamic ornamentation outshone the Christian or vice versa. It was a duel of decoration.

On the Islamic side, there is the stunning Mihrab, a semicircular niche pointing the way to Mecca. Looking up, we were stunned by the beautiful dome of the Maqsura.

Inside the Mezquita-Cathedral of Cordoba

The impressive Islamic architecture of the Mezquita including the dome of the Maqsura  and a Christian chaple (middle right)

Detail of the Capilla Real, or Royal Chapel

Detail of the Capilla Real, or Royal Chapel

The Christians, not to be outdone, are responsible for the Capilla Mayor, with its own striking dome and the enormous organ that fills the Cathedral with thundering music.

Inside the Christian centre of the Cathedral of Cordoba

Inside the Christian centre of the Cathedral of Cordoba

Inside the Christian centre of the Cathedral of Cordoba

Just look how tiny the organist is compared to his giant instrument

Whatever your spiritual beliefs are, the Mezquita is a stunning mishmash of architecture that, by all rights, shouldn’t work together. Somehow it does. If only the humans who affected its history could be so harmonious.

Interior of the Mezquita Cathedral of Cordoba

In the magnificent architecture of the Mezquita Cathedral, we all become equal

Mezquita-Catedral of Cordoba
C/ Cardenal Herrero, 1
14003 Córdoba, Spain

Opening Hours:

  • March – October
    • From 10.00 a.m. to 7.00 p.m. – Monday to Saturday
    • From 8:30 a.m. to 10.30 p.m. and 2.00 p.m. to 7.00 p.m. Sundays and feast days
  • November – February
    • From 10.00 a.m. to 6.00 p.m. – Monday to Saturday
    • From 8:30 a.m. to 10:30 p.m. and 2.00 p.m. to 6.00 p.m. Sundays and feast days

Admission Prices:

  • Adults €8
  • Children 10-14 – €4
  • Under 10 – free

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Alison Cornford-Matheson
Alison Cornford-Matheson is a Canadian freelance writer and travel photographer and the founder of She is the author of The Foodie Guide to Brussels: Local Tips for Restaurants, Shops, Hotels, and Activities. Alison landed in Belgium in 2005 and, over the years, has become passionate about slow and sustainable travel, in Europe and beyond. She loves to discover hidden gems - be they museums, shops, restaurants, castles, gardens or landscapes, and share them through her words and photos. She has visited 45 countries and is currently slow travelling through North America in an RV, with her husband, Andrew, and two well-travelled cats. You can also follow her work on Google+
Alison Cornford-Matheson
- 1 day ago


  1. Comment by London Blogger

    Alison Cornford-Matheson

    London Blogger September 24, 2012 at 05:27

    The Cathedral–Mosque of Córdoba is truly majestic. I love the intricate designs of the architecture. I wish I could go there because I am a very religious person and fond of seeing rich culture of Spain. I hope one of these days. (crossed finger)

    • Comment by Alison

      Alison Cornford-Matheson

      Alison September 24, 2012 at 09:30

      It’s a beautiful building and the city is definitely well worth a visit.

      • Comment by London Blogger

        Alison Cornford-Matheson

        London Blogger September 24, 2012 at 15:56

        The checkered paint really stands out. I’ve asked my parents to visit Spain. I think it’s a on their list now and we’ll surely visit the Cordoba.

  2. Comment by Adam

    Alison Cornford-Matheson

    Adam January 4, 2013 at 19:30

    I’m planning on visiting Cordoba in early June, I cant wait. Just curious but what lens did you use inside the mosque?

    • Comment by Alison

      Alison Cornford-Matheson

      Alison January 4, 2013 at 19:37

      Hi Adam. For most of the interior shots, I used an extreme wide angle zoom – 10-24mm and my everyday zoom lens for detail shots.

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